JUNG, CARL. (1875-1961). Swiss psychologist and psychiatrist who developed the personality classifications, introverts and extroverts, the theory of the collective unconscious, and archetypes. TLS. (“C.G. Jung”). 1p. 4to. Ascona, August 29, 1946. Jung writes on his personal stationery to Swiss psychiatrist OSCAR LOUIS FOREL (1891-1982). In German with translation.
“I was surprised at your letter. The S.G.P.P. [Swiss Society for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy] is an association that has never claimed to represent all of Switzerland’s psychotherapists. Being an independent association, not subordinate to any other organization, it has complete freedom to do as it pleases. So if we are asked by psychotherapists from other countries to hold an International Congress in Zürich, it is nobody’s business, nor is our being included as a section of the Academy of Natural Sciences. Everyone who so wishes is free to join our association. The International General Medical Society for Psychotherapy, a section which we represent, has not been dissolved yet and we do not see any reason to name delegates other than members of our association. You and other colleagues are at total liberty to found some other organization which then can also join this international organization. As things stand right now, there is no other organization of Swiss psychotherapists that would be ready to join an international society. It is far from our plan to hinder in any way the foundation of such an organization and we would never consider interfering with the affairs of such an organization. I admit that I interpret your odd behavior as interference in the goings-on of the S.G.P.P. to which, as a non-member, you are simply not entitled. Our action is identical with that of the Swiss Academy for Natural Sciences, and nobody disputes their right to organize their own congress. We have always given you the opportunity to take a position toward our organization, and you would have been able to be a member of the international organization. The fact that so many Swiss colleagues did not take that step is not our fault, as you must surely know.
“I admit that I interpret your odd behavior as interference in the goings-on of the S.G.P.P. to which, as a non-member, you are simply not entitled”
Unfortunately I will not be able to attend any other meetings during the Zürich conference…”
Though initially a close follower of Freud, Jung broke with the famous founder of psychoanalysis and pursued his own brand of analytic psychology. In his 1921 work, Psychological Types, Jung laid out his theories on the relationship between the conscious and unconscious. It was also in this work that his famous classification of personality types was explained. Jung continued to develop his ideas about the unconscious, distinguishing between the individual unconscious and a group or “collective unconscious” in which there are archetypes that recur in mythology, art and symbols.