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Rare ALS Sending $10 to his “little small sister”

Signed by George Pullman

Item: 22233
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PULLMAN, GEORGE. (1831-1897). American industrialist best known as the manufacturer of the Pullman railroad car and for the Pullman Strike of 1894. ALS. (“Geo. M. Pullman”). 3pp. 8vo. New York, November 10, 1863 (sic. Postmark is November 9). To his 17-year-old sister, Emma Pullman (later Fluhrer, 1846-1915), the youngest of his 9 siblings.

I have no doubt that you have sometimes thought that your brother George had been a little remiss in his duty with regard to writing especially as you were all alone at school and more or less liable to an occasional attack of homesickness.

I plead guilty by would urge in extenuation that I have been for a month or two past engaged in making some important changes in my business and really have had time to think of but little else

You must have enjoyed mother’s visit very much and I suppose that by this time you are quite content and feeling very much at home.

I shall endeavor to see you before my return to Chicago either by going to Clinton or having you meet me at Utica. I expect now to leave here for the west next week but am not certain that I can do so. Write me as soon as this is received and say when your vacation will occur and tell me particularly how you are getting along.

Although I do not write very often you may always feel fully assured that I fell a very deep interest in the welfare of my ‘little small sister.’

Enclosed you will find Ten dollars…”

Pullman was the son of a carpenter who had invented a machine to help move buildings out of the way of the widening Erie Canal. After taking over the family business in 1857, Pullman secured a contract with the city of Chicago to raise several multi-story buildings four to six feet to allow the installation of a municipal sewer system.

Engraving of Pullman car interior

It is for his development of the Pullman sleeping car, a luxury railway carriage billed as a “hotel on wheels,” that he is best known. The first Pullman car, the President, modeled after the packet boats of the Erie Canal, was unveiled in 1867 and, the following year, he introduced the Delmonico, focused on fine dining, with food prepared by the chefs of New York’s famous Delmonico’s restaurant. Renowned for their first-class service, Pullman cars were staffed by freed African Americans known as Pullman Porters who contributed to the growth of the Black middle class. By acquiring his competitors’ patents and partnering with Andrew Carnegie and others to join the board of the Union Pacific Railroad, Pullman became a dominant force in the railway sector.

George Pullman

George Pullman

In 1880, he established the company town of Pullman, Chicago, to house the workforce of his adjacent factory, an undertaking which was widely lauded at the time, even though he came to rule the town with an iron fist. On May 12, 1894, his employees, led by Eugene Debs, went on strike after Pullman cut their wages during the Panic of 1893, increased their working hours and refused to reduce rents at his company-owned housing. Pullman paid a typical worker $9.07 a week and charged $9.00 a week for rent. Pullman refused to recognize the unionization of his employees, which, when accompanied by a large boycott, led to massive disruptions in the country’s rail service. President Cleveland dispatched federal troops to suppress the strike leading to the deaths of 30 people, 57 wounded and millions of dollars of property loss. Less than a week after the strike ended, President Cleveland and Congress established Labor Day as a Federal holiday, meant to pacify the labor movement which had been fighting for such recognition for more than a decade. Pullman’s reputation was forever tainted during the ensuing investigation of the strike’s causes and, in 1898, the court ordered the Pullman Company to divest its ownership of the town of Pullman, which became a part of Chicago. The Pullman Company continued to manufacture railway cars until 1982.

Our letter was written to the youngest of Pullman’s nine siblings, Emma, 15 years his junior, while she attended boarding school in Clinton, New York, likely the Finger Lakes Institute. “During the 19th century, Clinton was widely known for its many private secondary schools, a distinction that earned it the sobriquet, ‘Schooltown.’ For nearly one hundred years, these academies and seminaries met the educational needs of hundreds of students throughout the Northeast,” (“A Brief History of Clinton, Clinton Chamber of Commerce website,, Munson).

Written on a folded sheet which has been folded into thirds. With the original envelope bearing the blind embossed return address of New York’s Nicholas Hotel. In very good condition and rare, especially in ALS.

Rare ALS Sending $10 to his “little small sister”

Signed by George Pullman

$1200 • item #22233

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