SCHOENBERG, ARNOLD. (1874-1951). Austrian composer and creator of the revolutionary twelve-tone school of composition which abandoned fixed tonality. DS. (“Arnold Schoenberg”). 2pp. 4to. N.p., August 1941. ACA-ASCAP Survey for his “Bach Choral Prelude Orchestration,” which he completes in his hand by answering several questions, including: the date of composition (1922), date of copyright (1925), publisher (U[niversal].E[dition].), year published (1925), who commissioned the work (Josef Stransky), and where it was first performed (New York by the New York Philharmonic Orchestra with Stransky conducting in 1922). Bearing several date stamps, including one noting that ASCAP received the form back from Schoenberg on August 11, 1941.
Although he began composing in the Romantic tradition, Schoenberg soon turned toward an atonal structure through which he became a leading force in 20th-century music. During the 1920s, he developed his famous twelve-tone system, which he employed in Variations for Orchestra, op. 31 and many other works. He also taught music theory and composition, instilling his technique in many students including his two most famous pupils, Anton Webern and Alban Berg. In 1934, shortly after the Nazis labeled Schoenberg’s music degenerate, he immigrated to the United States, joining UCLA’s faculty two years later. There he continued to influence such students as John Cage, Lou Harrison and Leon Kirchner, composing such groundbreaking works as A Survivor from Warsaw, Op. 46.